Facts about Roman Crime and Punishment explain the details about the history of crime and punishment in ancient Rome. The Romans were in constant wars during the Republic and Imperial Periods. The starting point of the civilians to have a political career was by becoming a military officer. The Romans had a standard capital punishment. The accused would be sent into prisons while they waited for the trial. The execution for the criminal would be made into public. The condemned was in total agony during the execution process. On the other hand, it was considered as an entertainment for some spectators. Let us get other facts about Roman crime and punishment below:
Facts about Roman Crime and Punishment 1: the written code of law
The Romans wrote their code of law. They set the legal system in Rome clearly. Codex Iuris Civilis was the book of Civil Law, which contained Roman laws within a thousand years. It was made in AD 530 under the commissions of Emperor Justinian I. until 1700s; it became the basic law for Europe.
Facts about Roman Crime and Punishment 2: the trial
The accused would be put into trial. The prosecutors would argue about the charges. On the other hand, the accused was defended by the lawyers. The trial was conducted in court overseen by the judges.
Facts about Roman Crime and Punishment 3: the factors
Two major factors, which affected the penalty of a crime, were the social class and citizenship.
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Facts about Roman Crime and Punishment 4: the ordinary citizens
Being an ordinary citizen was hard since they had harder punishment when being accused. On the other hand, the milder punishment was for the high social class.
Facts about Roman Crime and Punishment 5: noncitizen peregrine
Noncitizen peregrine was foreigners. They had harder punishment compared to the citizens of Rome during the republic and early Empire.
Facts about Roman Crime and Punishment 6: slave
The low social class was a slave since their punishment would be harder than a free peregrine.
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Facts about Roman Crime and Punishment 7: the citizens
Citizens of Rome consisted of two major groups. The first one was honestiores. They include equestrians, local officials, soldiers and senators. The second one was humiliores. The former was more honorable than the latter.
Facts about Roman Crime and Punishment 8: a crime for a humilior
If a humilior committed a crime, they would be punished with death by crucifixion, breast of burning.
Facts about Roman Crime and Punishment 9: a crime for honestiores
If a honestiore committed a crime, they would be punished with exile or beheading.
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Facts about Roman Crime and Punishment 10: Cicero
Two urban courts were set up during the reign of Cicero in the first century BC. One court was for the citizen, the other was for the non-citizen.
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