10 Facts about Roman Forts

Post On: August 23, 2018

Facts about Roman Forts inform the readers with a fortified military camp built by the Romans in the ancient period. It is called castrum in Latin. The camps were constructed by the Romans in various shapes and sizes. It can be temporary or permanent. The Roman forts included the marching forts, legionary fortress, temporary encampments and auxiliary forts. Do you know the primary purpose of Roman fort? It was used by the soldiers to protect themselves, supplies and equipment when they were not in match and fight. The design of the fort resembled the look of the house. De Munitionibus Castrorum was one of the most famous examples of Roman Fort. Let us check other impressive details about Roman Forts below:

Facts about Roman Forts 1: who built the camp?

The engineering unit had the responsibility to construct the camp. The soldiers would do the manual labors, while the chief engineers designed the camps and supervised the work.

Facts about Roman Forts 2: castra stativa

Castra stativa means standing camps. They were considered as the permanent camps.

Facts about Roman Forts 3: summer camps

Summer camp was called aestivalia or castra aestiva. It was known as the campaign season. The soldiers would stay under tents.

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Facts about Roman Forts 4: castra hiberna

Castra hiberna was a type of Roman fort constructed during the winter season. It was filled with barracks. Since the winter season was cold, the soldiers had to create this camp from the thick and strong materials. Stone was used as the replacement of timber in the later years.

Facts about Roman Forts 5: the importance of the camp

If there was no camp, the Romans could not rest. They also had a place to keep the supplies for the army in the battlefield.

Facts about Roman Forts 6: construction and design of the camp

The De Munitionibus Castrorum and the works of Polybius were considered as the two primary source of the construction of Roman forts, which had ideal patterns and designs.

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Facts about Roman Forts 7: sanitation

The Roman also paid attention to the sanitation inside and outside the camp. The private and public latrines were available for the sanitary facilities for the soldiers.

Facts about Roman Forts 8: the location of the camp

The presence of the running water was one of the major considerations when the Romans selected a site for their fort. The area nearby the running water would be transformed into a sanitary channel.

Facts about Roman Forts 9: activities in the fort

Two primary activities were conducted in the camp. Both were the duty and watch.

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Facts about Roman Forts 10: the watch

The watch involved the stood guards who had to watch the camps for three hours in a day.

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