10 Facts about Roman Gods and Goddesses

Post On: August 23, 2018

Facts about Roman Gods and Goddesses give the details about the important Roman deities. Most Roman deities were associated with the Greek ones. That is why you can also learn about the iconography, myths and religious practice of ancient Greek people to understand the Roman’s culture and deities. The clean explanation about the Roman Gods and Goddesses were limited because only fragments of text and inscription explained about them. Over the centuries, the religion was in the life of the Romans in the periods of King. It was considered as the archaic religion. You will get more facts about the gods and goddesses in Rome by reading the post below:

Facts about Roman Gods and Goddesses 1: Venus

One of the major Goddesses in Rome was Venus. She was equivalent with Aphrodite in Greece.

Facts about Roman Gods and Goddesses 2: Triads

Ceres, Liber, Libera were included in Aventine Triad. Capitoline Triad consisted of Jupiter, Juno, and Minerva. Jupiter, Mars and Quirinus were included in archaic Triad.

Roman Gods

Roman Gods

Facts about Roman Gods and Goddesses 3: the banquet for gods

The banquet for gods was called lectisternium. The couches featured the images of gods as if they were present in the banquet. The twelve gods were depicted in the banquet. They were set in pair.

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Facts about Roman Gods and Goddesses 4: the pair of gods

In the banquets, the gods and goddesses were paired. Jupiter was with Juno. Mercury was with Ceres. Other pairs were Neptune-Minerva, Vulcan-Vesta, Mars-Venus and Apollo-Diana. It gives the hint that gods and goddesses were married.

Facts about Roman Gods and Goddesses 5: Di Flaminales

Quirinus, Mars and Jupiter were considered as the three important deities in Rome by the major flamens.

Roman Gods and Goddesses

Roman Gods and Goddesses

Facts about Roman Gods and Goddesses 6: Sabine gods

There were a number of Sabine gods adopted in the Roman religious belief. They were Minerva, Fides, Feronia, Vulcan and so on.

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Facts about Roman Gods and Goddesses 7: the divisions of gods

Gods were divided in three major types. The groups were the underworld, earth and heaven. The former one had the altar created from fire pit or foci. Arae was the name for the altar for the earth gods. Altaria was the altar for the heavenly gods.

Facts about Roman Gods and Goddesses 8: Caelestis

Caelestis means celestial or heavenly. This title was given for the supreme heavenly goddesses.

Facts about Roman Gods and Goddesses

Facts about Roman Gods and Goddesses

Facts about Roman Gods and Goddesses 9: Invictus

In the beginning of the third century, one of the common divine epithets was Invictus. This title reflected the invincibility of the gods and goddesses such as Sol, Hercules, Mars and Jupiter. Others include Apollo, Saturn and Mercury where the title was found on their calendars and coins.

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Facts about Roman Gods and Goddesses 10: Mater

Another title was Mater. It means mother. The common ones included Mater Larum and Terra Mater.

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