Facts about Roman Government present the ideas about the Roman republic. The Roman Kingdom was overthrown which led into the development of Roman Republic. The Republic was established in 509 BC. It was replaced by Roman Empire in 27 BC. The government of Roman Republic was marked by the wars. The primary enemies of the Romans at that time were the Gauls, Etruscan and Latin. The great generals in Rome were born during the last decades of Roman Republic. Julius Caesar could be the famous one. However, he died at age of 44. Find out other interesting facts about Roman government below:
Facts about Roman Government 1: the constitution
The constant evolution was spotted on the constitution of Rome. The government and politics in the state were heavily affected by the unwritten set of guidelines passed from one generation to the next one. The conflict of interest between the ordinary citizens and aristocracy was also the major factor, which changed the constitution.
Facts about Roman Government 2: the senate
The senators who sat on the senate were considered as the primary source of prestige in the institution.
Facts about Roman Government 3: the primary job of the senate
The senate had the primary job to pass senate consult or decrees. The foreign policy was the primary topic discussed by the senate.
Check Also: 10 Facts about Roman Crime and Punishment
Facts about Roman Government 4: the power of senate
Over the years, the power of senate was expanded for it began to deal with various kinds of issues. It became involved in the making process of ordinary laws.
Facts about Roman Government 5: the members of the senate
The Roman Censors would appoint the members of the senate. They would be elected to sit on the senate. However, the practice was not spotted during the first century BC when Rome was under the reign of Triumvir. The members were selected by the senate itself.
Facts about Roman Government 6: optimo jure
Optimo jure was the legal and political rights, which enabled adult male citizens to elect their magistrates or assemblies. They also had other privileges such as declaring war and enacting laws.
You can also read: 10 Facts about Roman Coins
Facts about Roman Government 7: the types of legislative assemblies
Concilia and comitia were considered as the two types of legislative assemblies in Roman government. The former one was the council, while the latter was the committees.
Facts about Roman Government 8: the role of citizens
The citizens also had their own assemblies. The organization of citizens came in the form of tribes and centuries.
Facts about Roman Government 9: the assembly of centuries
The assembly of centuries was called Comitia Centuriata. A consul would be selected as the president of this assembly.
See Also: 10 Facts about Roman Colosseum
Facts about Roman Government 10: the declaration of war
The declaration of war was at the hand of Comitia Centuriata. In some judicial cases, the assembly also had the right as the highest court of appeal.
Are you interested reading facts about Roman government?