Facts about the Temple of Jerusalem elaborate the details about the series of structures in the Old City of Jerusalem. In the past, the temple was used for the worship for the ancient Israelite and Jewish. Another name of the building was the Holy Temple. In 957 BCE, the First Temple was constructed according to the Hebrew Bible. The founder was King Solomon. It was used as the place for the Israelite sacrifice based on the Book of Deuteronomy. Why don’t you look at the whole post for more interesting facts about Temple of Jerusalem?
Facts about the Temple of Jerusalem 1: the Tabernacle
The Tabernacle in Sinai Desert was replaced with the Temple of Jerusalem. The Pharaoh of Egypt, Shoshenq I sacked the temple. In the second year of his reign, King of Judah named Jehoash tried to restore the temple in 835 BCE. However, the temple was destroyed by the King of Assyria Sennacherib in 700 BCE.
Facts about the Temple of Jerusalem 2: the total destruction
The total destruction on the Temple of Jerusalem took place in 586 BCE when the city was attacked by the Babylonians. However, the Historical Jewish sources believe that the event took place in 425 BCE.
Facts about the Temple of Jerusalem 3: the Second Temple
The beginning of the construction of the Second Temple took place in 538 BCE according to the Book of Ezra under the leadership of Cyrus the Great.
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Facts about the Temple of Jerusalem 4: the completion of Second Temple
The Jewish governor Zerubbabel dedicated the Second Temple after its construction finished. At that time, Darius the Great was in his 6th year of reign.
Facts about the Temple of Jerusalem 5: the edicts to build the Second Temple
The building of the Second Temple was under the four edicts according to the Book of Nehemiah and Book of Ezra. The three kings issued the edicts. They were Cyrus the Great, Darius I of Persia and Artaxerxes I of Persia.
Facts about the Temple of Jerusalem 6: the important structure
The Second Temple was considered as an important structure at that time though the design could not match the previous one. When the Jews decided not to accept Alexander the Great of Macedonia, the temple was nearly destroyed.
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Facts about the Temple of Jerusalem 7: under the Ptolemies
The Jewish had more civil liberties under Ptolemies. He ruled Judea and the Temple after the empire of Alexander the Great was dismembered due his death.
Facts about the Temple of Jerusalem 8: the changed policy
The policy in Judea was changed because Antiochus III of the Seleucids was capable to defeat the Ptolemaic army in 198 BCE. He tried to change the Jews to make them more Helenian.
Facts about the Temple of Jerusalem 9: Herod the Great
Herod the Great decide to restore and expand the building in 20 BCE. People called it Herod’s Temple.
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Facts about the Temple of Jerusalem 10: in 70 CE
In 70 CE, the Romans destroyed the building.
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