Back to your high school remember Robert Brown’ s Cell Theory, or Brownian Motion? Here are the interesting facts about Robert Brown.
Facts about Robert Brown 1: early life
Robert Brown was born in Montrose, Scotland on 21 December 1773. His father James Brown was a Scottish Episcopal minister, his mother was the daughter of Presbyterian minister Helen nee Taylor. As a son of church’s parents figure he had a good childhood education background.
Facts about Robert Brown 2: college study
After attending the Marischal College in Aberdeeen, he enrolled to continue study and entered the University of Edinburgh to study medicine at first. In 1793 he dropped out of his medical course because of passion changed to the study of botany and made botanical expedition into the highlands of Scottish.
Facts about Robert Brown 3: influential botanist
In 1800s He started to correspond with many famous local botanists in UK and foreign botanist such as William Withering, James Dickson, James Edward Smith and José Correia da Serra work together collected and record many specimen.
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Facts about Robert Brown 4: Brownian motion
He was the first who began the experimenting microscope. In 1827 he used microscopy to discover and look those grains of pollen in moving randomly in water. This is pollen’s pattern of continuous oscillating motion, this motion named after him as Brownian motion.
Facts about Robert Brown 5: gymnosperm vs angiosperm
He was the first who make the documents of the fundamental differences among gymnosperm and angiosperm.
Facts about Robert Brown 6: genius taxonomist
In December 1801, he started to work in Australia for three and a half year and amazingly collected over 2000 previous unknown species of plants. He returned to England in May 1805 and spent almost five years to conduct and publish scientific papers on his study of Australian flora in his famous Prodromus Florae Novae hollandiae et Insulae Van Diemen. He also discovered many new species including grass and Serruria.
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Facts about Robert Brown 7: cell theory
In 1831, he observed the epidermis of a collection of orchids with his microscope and found that the cells contained an opaque spot. That research led him to discover the nucleus of the cell. The paper presented to Linnaean society in 1831 but officially publish in 1833.
Facts about Robert Brown 8: cytoplasmic streaming
Cytoplasmic streaming later also called protoplasmic streaming is the motion of transport proteins, nutrients, and organelles within cells as the fundamental units of life was also discover by Brown in 1830s.
Facts about Robert Brown 9: Copley Medal
In 1839 he was awarded the Copley Medal as the most prestigious scientific award in United Kingdom. Before that, in 1811 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society and served as a president of the Linnean Society from 1849 to 1853.
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Facts about Robert Brown 10: eminent botanist
Brown was so famous and respected by the society but also kind and generous. He was tall and imposing, active and intelligent but seems uncommunicative and awkward in the company.
We owe so much to him for his amazing botanical discovery, right? I hope you like reading facts about Robert Brown.Tags: Scottish botanist